Even as the Sandbergs moved on, the impact of what they did lingered. Sandberg, who died of cancer in , kept journal entries saying she thought about the girl every April, the month she was born. The Sandbergs eventually separated and divorced. The family almost never talked about what had happened. But the white daughter they kept, Amy, who is now married and goes by the last name Roost, began thinking about the family secret again in , after Trayvon Martin , a black teenager, was killed by a neighborhood watchman in Florida, setting off a national conversation about racial disparities in America.
Roost, now 55, had graduated from George Washington University with a degree in political science, and worked as a press aide on Capitol Hill, as a university administrator, and as a grant writer for nonprofit organizations. She became a freelance journalist, and, using her reporting skills, set out to find the woman her parents had given up. Roost dug through Illinois adoption and birth records and searched the internet, eventually finding the woman: Angelle Kimberly Smith.
It was , and Ms.
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Roost called Ms. Smith, nervous about what she might say. Smith had landed with a loving couple, Harry and Ruth Smith, who were black. Her father ran a stationery store. Her mother was a homemaker. Her upbringing, Ms. She attended a private grammar school. But tragedy struck when Harry Smith died of a heart attack when his daughter was just 8. Smith and her mother endured.
Her mother ran the stationery store, she said, and neighbors treated them like family. Smith, now As she entered adulthood, Ms. Smith moved to Los Angeles, lured by the prospect of a glamorous life. Instead, she found trouble. In spite of her stable home life, Ms. Smith said she was sucked into freewheeling circles in which drugs were common. She became addicted to cocaine, she said, and became homeless and was incarcerated for burglary.
She had four children, two of them while living on the streets, and lost custody of all of them. Smith eventually pulled her life back together. By , all of her children were back in her life. She wanted to learn more about who she was, so she searched for her biological parents, listed as Neal Gordon and Juanita Green on her birth certificate, but never found them. But life had taken so many twists and turns that by the time she heard from Ms.
Roost, she felt she could handle anything. She greeted the news that she had been given up by a white family by telling Ms. Roost that she held no hard feelings, and would not have wanted to be raised by white parents in a white neighborhood. People, Black said, "wanted to move forward and break the barriers of segregation.
So many newcomers at once strained the city's resources. The South Side neighborhoods to which black Chicagoans had been traditionally relegated were bursting at the seams. There was fierce competition for the existing apartments and homes, even though many of them were substandard. Adding to the tension: soldiers were returning home after serving in Europe during World War I. Black soldiers, in particular, had experienced being treated as complete citizens while they fought abroad. Returning to an America that barely recognized their service and wanted them back in their assigned, segregated places was not something they were willing to accept.
Adding to the tension was fierce competition over jobs. The black newcomers readily accepted jobs in the city's slaughterhouses and meatpacking companies because the pay was better than what they'd received in the South. That outraged the European immigrants—Irish, Italian, Czech and Polish—who'd traditionally held those jobs and who wanted to unionize the companies they'd worked for.
So pressure was building, and Eugene Williams' tragic death at the beach was the final straw. The police's inaction doesn't surprise John Russick. Anger escalated on the black side of the beach when it became apparent that no arrest would be made. More police arrived. One especially distraught black beachgoer pulled out a gun and fired into a knot of police. He was shot dead immediately. The tale of Eugene's death and the shooting that followed angered groups of young white men. Some climbed into cars and began racing through major streets in the city's black neighborhoods, randomly firing at homes and businesses.
This book was not only well-written, but provides background where needed to help the reader understand the roles and gravity of people and institutions listed, without losing the reader's interest or straying from the story at hand. Any person interested in Chicago history should give this a read. Though the story itself happened decades ago, one can find parallels to today's crime in Black neighborhoods. Jul 17, Micah rated it liked it. Recounts an incredible story of an African American man, James Hickman, who shot and killed his landlord after the landlord allegedly set a fire that killed four of Hickman's children.
Lea Demarest Taylor
Because of an amazing grassroots campaign in Hickman's defense, he served only a few months in jail and received two years probation. In addition to telling a truly astounding story which has no easy moral to it that has been mostly forgotten over the past few decades, the book gives explicit personal detail Recounts an incredible story of an African American man, James Hickman, who shot and killed his landlord after the landlord allegedly set a fire that killed four of Hickman's children.
In addition to telling a truly astounding story which has no easy moral to it that has been mostly forgotten over the past few decades, the book gives explicit personal detail about the kind of living conditions African Americans were forced to endure in midth century Chicago and, as Allen argues in the book's final chapter, today because of racist housing policy and practice in "the black metropolis. Frequently, several pages were devoted to describing the life stories of people who were involved in the Hickman defense; they always seemed unnecessarily long and somewhat tangential, and I repeatedly skipped over them as I read the book.
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Overall, though, a worthwhile read. View 1 comment. Jul 20, Shana rated it really liked it Shelves: history , sociology-social-work , true-crime. This book is not so much about the actions taken by James Hickman as it is about racial tensions in Chicago just after WWII and the poor living conditions that many African Americans in the city faced.
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It is an interesting and tragic story. I did spend most of the book thinking that the living conditions for poor families have not really improved much since The author's epilogue highlights this as well by discussing a current case with similar issues. I would have liked to know what This book is not so much about the actions taken by James Hickman as it is about racial tensions in Chicago just after WWII and the poor living conditions that many African Americans in the city faced.
I would have liked to know what happened to James Hickman and the Hickman family after the events of The author mentions that Hickman's son Willis still lives on the west side of Chicago and it would have been nice to have included an update from him. Oct 09, Josh rated it really liked it Shelves: chicago.
A tragic story about James Hickman who lost his four young children in a fire and then, months later, was on trial for murdering the man who he thought set the fire. The microhistory takes a look at the slum-like conditions in Chicago in the s, esp among African Americans who suffered the consequences of living in apts. Oddly enough the author - Joe Allen - did pick a cae that gained national attention but did not reform housing in A tragic story about James Hickman who lost his four young children in a fire and then, months later, was on trial for murdering the man who he thought set the fire.
Oddly enough the author - Joe Allen - did pick a cae that gained national attention but did not reform housing in Chicago. It would take decades. Jul 09, Layne rated it it was amazing Shelves: book-discussion , chicago , non-fiction. Fascinating and tragic story. Joe Allen does a good job of telling the Hickman story while putting it in context of larger issues of race, class, and the political movements of the day.
Racism killed his family | latinc.us
An easy, accessible read despite the heavy subject matter. I think the back stories and biographical details given to all the various lawyers and activists were helpful and interesting I would like to be friends with Leon Despres , but I can see why some readers might find it to be excessive or deviate too much Fascinating and tragic story.
I think the back stories and biographical details given to all the various lawyers and activists were helpful and interesting I would like to be friends with Leon Despres , but I can see why some readers might find it to be excessive or deviate too much from the primary narrative. Nov 04, Gary Rivlin rated it it was amazing. Loved this book. Well-researched and well-told, moving and infuriating. Allen did an amazing job of excavating a story from the history bins to share a story of social injustice that teaches us much about life in the big city not that long ago if you were black and poor.
Jul 22, Justlesa Hall rated it liked it. I knew about the conditions of housing in Chicago during this time period but Joe Allen goes into depth about one case that ends up with the death of four children and the murder of 1 man. The whole story had me questioning what would I do in this situation? Mar 19, Debs rated it liked it Shelves: liberal-bias , popular-non-fiction.
I liked, didn't love this book. A great story, but it could have used a little narrative polish. A story that needed to be told, that still does. Nov 04, Denali rated it really liked it Shelves: , chicago-public-library. An excellent piece of reporting. The Hickman case is captivating and heart-wrenching.